Have you ever felt tingles in your head and deeply relaxed while getting a haircut, listening to someone turn magazine pages, listening to a specific person talk in a gentle manner, or while watching Bob Ross create a painting?
If so, then you have probably experienced Autonomous Sensory Meridian Response (ASMR).
ASMR can be described simply as a variety of soothing SENSATIONS (eg, tingles, relaxation, calmness, sleepiness) due to a variety of gentle STIMULI (eg, whispering, soft talking, light touches, methodical sounds).
The ASMR sensations can be categorized into:
- Physical sensations: tingles, chills, and/or waves in the head, neck, spine, and throughout the rest of the body.
- Psychological sensations: good feelings of euphoria, happiness, comfort, calmness, peacefulness, relaxation, restfulness, and/or sleepiness.
The ASMR stimuli (often called “ASMR triggers”) can be categorized into:
- Externally initiated (AKA, Type B ASMR):
- Direct stimulus (eg, soft voice of someone next to you)
- Live transmission (eg, soft voice via phone or live stream)
- Recorded transmission (eg, soft voice via video or audio file)
- Internally initiated or spontaneous (AKA, Type A ASMR):
- Imagining or thinking about an ASMR stimulus
- Meditating or using relaxation techniques
- Spontaneous occurrences (stimulus absent or unclear)
Externally initiated ASMR stimuli/triggers can be:
- Tactile (felt): light touch, massage, hair touching, grooming, physical examination
- Visual (seen): eye contact, observing hand movements
- Auditory (heard):
- Spoken sounds: soft, whispering, slow, gentle, increased pitch, caring, monotone
- Oral sounds: mouth sounds, chewing sounds, blowing sounds
- Object sounds: tapping, scratching, cutting, crinkling, stroking, handling of objects
Common traits of ASMR stimuli/triggers:
Although there is a huge variety of ASMR stimuli/triggers, they generally tend to be repetitive, methodical, gentle, at a steady pace, and at low and/or steady volume.
The common theme to ASMR triggers is that they possess the universal patterns of non-threatening stimuli. This may be the key to their ability to induce relaxation. You can read more about biological and evolutionary theories HERE.
Intentional vs Unintentional ASMR:
The individuals who purposely create these stimuli are called ASMR artists (AKA ASMRtists, content creators) and their productions are called “intentional ASMR”. The most common examples are YouTube video artists, but also include composers, poets, dancers, and more.
Stimuli/triggers created accidentally by individuals are called “unintentional ASMR”. Examples include Bob Ross, teachers, hairdressers, clinicians, unboxing videos, and expert demonstrations.
Individuals who intentionally or unintentionally elicit ASMR in others tend to have the following dispositions: kind, caring, empathic, attentive, focused, trustworthy, dedicated, expert, and a calm vocal tone.
ASMR scenarios and role-plays:
Some of the strongest triggers for ASMR are “scenarios” which include a mix of stimuli/trigger types and involve someone with an ASMR disposition. For example, watching Bob Ross paint includes a mix of audio triggers (gentle tapping sounds), visual triggers (methodical and expert hand movements), and Bob Ross’s gentle disposition.
If the scenarios are created on purpose to stimulate ASMR then they are called “ASMR role-plays”. These are commonly performed by ASMR artists on YouTube.
General ASMR scenarios include: instructional demonstrations, methodical task completion, personal attention, focused activities, and consultations. These scenarios may involve the person as a participant or as an observer.
Specific ASMR scenarios include: spa treatments, cranial nerve exams, hair salon visits, origami paper folding, unboxings, magazine page-turning, and soft spoken men painting methodically on canvas.
The benefits of ASMR:
Internet videos of individuals purposely simulating real-life ASMR triggers have grown widely popular in the last few years. Viewers find many of these videos as relaxing as real-life ASMR triggers and quite helpful for falling asleep, de-stressing, and providing comfort during a sad time.
Some individuals with clinical diagnoses of medical disorders report that these videos are helpful to their insomnia, anxiety, panic disorders and/or depression.
The evidence for the potential benefit of ASMR for stress disorders, sleep disorders, mood disorders and more is slowly growing – read more HERE.
Unfortunately, there is still a lot to learn about the physiology of ASMR and the true effectiveness of ASMR for medical disorders. That is why the mission of this website is to promote the awareness, understanding, and research of ASMR.
Learn more about ASMR:
- History: when and how did the world discover ASMR?
- Origin Theory: why and how do people experience ASMR?
- Science: what has research discovered about ASMR?
- Art: how do artists express ASMR?
- Testimonials: how do others describe their ASMR?
Contribute to the Understanding of ASMR:
- Participate in the ASMR Research Survey
- Participate in the Voices of ASMR Project
- Participate in the Website Polls
For the complete list of ASMR topics on this website:
- Visit the Homepage
Website mission: to increase the awareness, understanding, and research of the Art and Science of Autonomous Sensory Meridian Response. (How to cite)
Scroll down to Print, Share, Like, or Comment.